Milk is a staple food in many households across the world. However, there has been an ongoing debate about whether raw or pasteurized milk is better for our health. In this post, we will explore both types of milk and their differences.
What is Pasteurization?
Pasteurization is a process that involves heating milk to high temperatures for a specific period to kill bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. The process was first introduced by French scientist Louis Pasteur in 1864, and it has become widespread today as a means of ensuring that milk remains safe for consumption.
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The two main types of pasteurization are low-temperature long-time (LTLT) and high-temperature short-time (HTST). LTLT involves heating milk at 145°F (63°C) for half an hour while HTST heats it at 161°F (72°C) for just 15 seconds.
Advantages of Pasteurized Milk
One significant advantage of pasteurized milk is its safety. By eliminating harmful bacteria such as Salmonella, E.coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter jejuni, among others through heat treatment during processing ensures that the risk of contracting illnesses from drinking contaminated raw dairy products reduces significantly.
Another advantage associated with pasteurization is increased shelf life due to reduced bacterial growth which can cause spoilage; hence consumers get more extended periods during which they can consume the product without going bad.
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Lastly but not least important reason why people choose pasteurised over raw milk option lies in how easily available it tends to be present on supermarket shelves globally than any other type or form of unprocessed dairy product.
Disadvantages of Pasteurized Milk
Heating causes denaturation – breakdown -of some nutrients found naturally within cow’s natural produce like vitamins B6,B12,C and folate. This heating process also results in the destruction of enzymes, which means that pasteurized milk may be harder for some people to digest.
Another disadvantage is that pasteurization destroys beneficial bacteria present in raw milk such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and bifidobacteria which are important for gut health. Some consumers find it difficult to consume dairy products due to lactose intolerance, so they opt out on consuming dairy-based goods altogether.
What is Raw Milk?
Raw milk comes directly from cows or goats without undergoing any heat treatment or processing. The milk can either be consumed immediately after milking or stored in a refrigerator for up to five days before consumption.
Proponents of raw milk claim that it contains essential nutrients not found in pasteurized alternatives; among them include healthy fats like Omega 3s, digestive enzymes, vitamins B12 & D and minerals like calcium
Advantages of Raw Milk
One significant advantage associated with raw milk is the presence of healthy bacteria referred to as probiotics known for their ability to promote good digestion by breaking down food particles efficiently.
Furthermore, because no heat has been applied during processing, all vital nutrients remain intact making this type of cow’s produce rich nutrient-wise than its counterpart processed option.
Disadvantages of Raw Milk
The most apparent disadvantage linked with raw unpasteurised cow’s product lies within potential bacterial contamination during extraction procedures that could result in severe illness outbreaks such as salmonella infections and E.coli poisoning.
It’s worth noting too that the shelf life span reduces significantly when compared with commercially available store-bought options since there isn’t any preservative agent added hence spoils faster if left unrefrigerated over extended periods.
Lastly but equally important when deciding whether you should choose this option is how easily accessible it tends not always readily available at your local grocery stores- you might need special access channels through coops or farmer markets to get hold of it.
In conclusion, the choice between raw and pasteurized milk is a personal one based on individual preference. Both options have their advantages and disadvantages that consumers should consider before making a decision. For those who decide to drink raw milk, they need to ensure that the source of their product is trustworthy, while for those who prefer pasteurized options- always go for reputable brands or products sold at your local grocery stores with clearly defined expiry dates.